There are basically three employment models if outsourcing or transfer is proposed: 1) Secondment in which staff remain employed by the public sector. 2) Transfer to a new employer under the TUPE regulations 3) a TUPE Plus transfer that includes improved terms and conditions and pensions.
The European Services Strategy Unit has devised an Employment Risk Matrix which assesses the degree of changes in four categories of risk:
Risk of changes to terms and conditions of service.
Pensions arrangements (not covered by TUPE regulations).
Risk of changes to staff consultation and representation.
Risk of problems with secondment agreement.